The Norman Geschwind Memorial Lecture

When Norman Geschwind died of cardiac arrest on November 4, 1984, the Orton Society, (now the International Dyslexia Association; IDA), lost a member of its Board of Directors, a speaker of great note, the scientific mind behind the society’s Neuroanatomy Study, and a dear friend. Dr. Geschwind was Chief of Neurology at Beth Israel Hospital and was James Jackson Putnam Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School. He also held professorships at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Psychology and the School of Health Sciences and Technology. His interest in the work of the Orton Society stemmed from his research on the relationship between brain anatomy and behavior. To honor Dr. Geschwind’s memory, in 1985 the Orton Society established a Norman Geschwind Memorial Lecture Fund that is used to provide a speaker at the IDA Annual Conference. The speaker is to represent the broad nature of Dr. Geschwind’s interests in dyslexia and related disabilities and abilities. The legacy of his curiosity lives on. (Perspectives on Dyslexia, Winter 1985)



2017 Stanislas Dehaene, Ph.D., “New Data on How Literacy Transforms the Brain”

2016 Guinevere Eden, Ph.D., “Brain Imaging Studies of Reading”

2015 John Gabrieli, Ph.D., “How Cognitive Neuroscience May Contribute to Helping People with Dyslexia”

2014 Fumiko Hoeft, M.D., Ph.D., “An Integrative Approach to Dyslexia Research: Translating Practice to Research and Back to Practice”

2013 Laurie E. Cutting, Ph.D., “From Words to Text: Behavioral and Neurobiological Correlates of Reading”

2012 Donald Shankweiler, Ph.D., “Three Challenges in Becoming Literate”

2011 Kenneth R. Pugh, Ph.D., “Neurimaging Studies of Typical and Atypical Language and Reading Development”

2010 Kurt Fischer, Ph.D., “Assessment and Learning Pathways: Patterns of Abilities and Disabilities

2009 Charles Perfetti, Ph.D., “Universal Reading Science: Foundations and Variations”

2008 Daniel H. Geschwind, M.D., Ph.D., “Genetic Investigations of Autism, Human Higher Cognition and Language Development”

2007 Ursula Bellugi, Ph.D., “What the Hands Reveal about the Brain”

2006 Doris Johnson, Ph.D., “Vocabulary Problems among Children and Adults with Learning Disabilities”

2005 Richard K. Olson, Ph.D., “Genes, Environment, and Dyslexia”

2004 Albert M. Galaburda, M.D., “Norman Geschwind and Dyslexia: A Neurobiological Legacy”

2003 Patricia K. Kuhl, Ph.D., “Language Reading and the Developing Brain”

2002 Ingvar Lundberg, Ph.D., “The Child’s Route into Reading: A Double-Track Journey That Sometimes Goes Wrong”

2001 Drake D. Duane, M.D., “The Necessity of Understanding the Role of Neurobiology in Developmental Disorders”

2000 Frank B. Wood, Ph.D., “Surprises Ahead: The Next Decade of Dyslexia Neurogenetics and Education”

1999 G. Reid Lyon. Ph.D., “In Celebration of Science in the Study of Reading Development, Reading Disorders and Reading Instruction”

1998 Maryanne Wolf, Ed.D., “What Time May Tell: Towards a Reconceptualization of Developmental Dyslexia”

1997 George W. Hynd, Ph.D., “Brain Gyral Patterns: Familial Influences, Language Ability and Other Developments”

1996 Bruce F. Pennington, Ph.D., “The Development of Dyslexia: Genotype and Phenotype Analyses”

1995 Gordon F. Sherman, Ph.D., “The Anatomical Basis of Dyslexia”

1994 Peter T. Fox, M.D., “Mapping Language Function and Dysfunction”

1993 Marcus E. Raichle, Ph.D., “Functional Imaging Studies of Single Word Processing”

1992 Margaret S. Livingston, M.D., “Parallel Processing of Form, Color, Motion and Depth: Anatomy, Physiology, Art Illusion and Dyslexia”

1991 George A. Ojemann, M.D., “Cortical Organization of Language”

1990 Eran Zaidel, Ph.D., “Hemispheric Independence in Word Recognition”

1989 Albert  M. Galaburda, M.D.,  “Asymmetry and Immunity: The Geschwind Legacy”

1988 Jerome Y. Lettvin, M.D., “Task- Related  States of Perception”

1987 Antonio R. Damasio, M.D., “A  Memorial to Dr. Geschwind”

1986 Martha Bridge Denckla, M.D., “Application of Disconnexion Concepts to Developmental Dyslexia: Memorial to Dr. Norman Geschwind”

1985  Peter Behan, M.D., “The Biological Relationships of Learning Disorders”